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ABIES concolor

White Fir

Stock: Available

$11.00

Family: Pinaceae

Characteristics: Large tree to 25-60 metre

Seeds per packets: Approx 10

A large evergreen conifer that forms a dense pyramidical shape when young maturing into an exceedingly well-formed symmetrical shape as it matures.

The branches form in an attractive layered pattern with soft bluish needle like foliage that is considered the bluest of all the conifers.
Attractive pale green upright cones that have a deep purplish cast are an additional attraction to this spectacular tree.

Makes a stunning ornamental landscaping tree and also a popular Christmas tree. Tolerant of hot dry conditions, suited to cool and temperate climates.
A popular as an ornamental landscaping tree and as a Christmas tree.

Native to the mountains of western North America from the southern Cascade range in Oregon, south throughout California and southern Rocky Mountains New Mexico and northern Mexico. Occurs naturally at an elevation between 900–3,400 m

Although seed can be sown most of the year in Australia seed is generally best sown in spring or autumn, avoid the coldest and hottest months of the year. The optimum germination temperature for germination is around 18-22°C

Germinates readily without pre-treatment but will generally give improved rates with cold stratification.

Cold stratification is recommended
Cold treatment may not be critical for germination to occur in colder regions but should give increased germination rates in warmer climates.

This can be replicated by cold stratification in the refrigerator for 2-4 weeks. Alternatively over wintering in the garden in cold climates will assist germination.

  1. Soak in water overnight.
  2. Sow seed the depth of the seed width.
  3. Water with fine mist spray to avoid disturbance of the seed.
  4. Ensure the mix is moist but not water logged.
  5. Place the container in plastic bag.
  6. Place the bagged container in the refrigerator for 4-6 weeks.
  7. Germination generally occurs in 14-28 days when moved to warmer temperatures after the period of cold treatment.

General note: Seeds of many species are dormant and require specific conditions or pre-treatment for germination.
Do not be too hasty to discard seed that does not germinate, seeds will often lay dormant until the conditions are similar to their natural requirements for germination to occur. Containers put to one side will often surprise long after they were discarded.

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