ABIES fraseii Bonsai

Fraser Fir

SKU: N 562 Bonsai
Stock: In Stock

Family: Pinaceae

Characteristics: Conical tree to 10-15 metre

Seeds per packets: Approx 10

$11.00 AUD Excl. GST

A small evergreen pyramidal tree the Fraser Fir typically grows between 10–15 m tall with a trunk diameter of 40–50 cm.
Attractive soft needle like scented leaves, densely foliaged when young and more open in mature trees. Erect broad dark purple cones 3.5–7 cm tall, turning pale brown when mature.

The combination of its pyramidal habit with scented dark blue-green foliage and good needle retention has made the Fraser Fir one of the most popular Christmas trees sold commercially in the UK where it is grown in plantation in Scotland.

Abies fraseri occurs naturally in the USA, restricted to the south-eastern Appalachian Mountains in southwestern Virginia, western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee.

Although seed can be sown most of the year in many parts of Australia seed is generally best sown in spring or autumn, avoid the coldest and hottest months of the year. The optimum germination temperature for germination is around 18-22°C

Germinates readily without pre-treatment but will generally give improved rates with cold stratification.

Cold stratification is recommended
Cold treatment may not be critical for germination to occur in colder regions but should give increased germination rates in warmer climates.

This can be replicated by cold stratification in the refrigerator for 28 days. Alternatively over wintering in the garden in cold climates will assist germination.

  1. Soak in water overnight.
  2. Sow seed the depth of the seed width.
  3. Water with fine mist spray to avoid disturbance of the seed.
  4. Ensure the mix is moist but not water logged.
  5. Place the container in plastic bag.
  6. Place the bagged container in the refrigerator for 28 days weeks.
  7. Germination generally occurs in 14-28 days when moved to warmer temperatures after the period of cold treatment.

General note: Seeds of many species are dormant and require specific conditions or pre-treatment for germination.
Do not be too hasty to discard seed that does not germinate, seeds will often lay dormant until the conditions are similar to their natural requirements for germination to occur. Containers put to one side will often surprise long after they were discarded.

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