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Characteristics: Small shrub 2 m spread 2 m
Seeds per packet: 5
A small to medium shrub with large stiff leathery leaves which are the biggest in the Bankisa family.
The leaves are egg-shaped, broadest at the tip, shiny above and dull on the underside 10-30 cm long and 6-10 cm wide.
Heads of blue green flower buds arise from the junctions of branches and form into dense greenish-yellow flower heads 6-15 cm in length, changing to dull orange and brown with age.
Native to New South wales and Queensland.
Prefers light to medium moist soil in a protected sunny position. Tolerates poor soils and poor drainage, frost resistant but drought tender.
Although seed can be sown most of the year in Australia seed is generally best sown in spring or autumn in temperate climates, avoid the coldest and hottest months of the year. The optimum germination temperature for germination is around 18-22°C
Pre-treatment of smoke: Not considered critical to germination of this species and germination will generally occur without it.
However many members of the Proteaceae family are responsive to pre-treatment of smoke. Although germination will often occur without smoke treatment it has proved to be beneficial in reducing the number of days to germination and increasing germination rates in many species of the Proteaceae family.
Smoke treatments are simple and can be undertaken either by soaking the seed overnight or by applying to the surface after sowing, both provide good results. Smoke treatments available by clicking here.
General note: Seeds of many natives are dormant and require specific conditions or pre-treatment for germination.
Do not be too hasty to discard seed that does not germinate, seeds will often lay dormant until the conditions are similar to their natural requirements for germination to occur. Containers put to one side will often surprise long after they were discarded.