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Inland Red Olive Berry
Characteristics: Small tree 8 m spread 2 m
Seed per packet: 5
Small tree with a straight trunk that is slightly flanged at the base. The outer bark is dark brown with pustules, somewhat wrinkled in older trees.
Leaves are wavy edged or toothed, opposite on the stem, veiny, thick, egg shaped or sometimes long and thin.
Flowers are pale green, unscented with four petals, occurring in cymes, forming from August to November.
Fruit are a bright orange or red drupe, 15 mm long. The inner capsule contains one or rarely two pointed seeds. Fruit is ripe March to July. Fruit often persists on the tree for many months. Because of the attractive fruit and small size, it is suitable as an ornamental plant.
Indigenous to the New South Wales Coast and central coastal Queensland.
Note: Although still generally referred to as CASSINE australis this plant has been reclassified as ELAEODENDRON australe. The Cassine genus is now considered to relate to only three African species.
Although seed can be sown most of the year in Australia seed is generally best sown in spring or autumn in, avoid the coldest and hottest months of the year. The optimum germination temperature for germination is around 18-25°C for this species.
General note: Seeds of many natives are dormant and require specific conditions or pre-treatment for germination.
Do not be too hasty to discard seed that does not germinate, seeds will often lay dormant until the conditions are similar to their natural requirements for germination to occur. Containers put to one side will often surprise long after they were discarded.