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Characteristics: Tree 12 m
Seeds per packets: 5
A fast-growing stately tree with a rounded flattened crown on a straight orange-brown trunk. Foliage grows in clumps high up in the branches creating the shape of an umbrella.
The seeds contained in the pine nuts, have been a delicacy since Roman times. Each cone can contain around 50 nuts.
Make an excellent specimen for larger gardens and park lands. Trees can live up to 300 years.
A hardy Mediterranean pine that requires little maintenance.
Also used in the art of bonsai.
Prefers a sandy soil and is tolerant to drought and coastal conditions.
Although seed can be sown most of the year in Australia seed is generally best sown in spring or autumn, avoid the coldest and hottest months of the year. The optimum germination temperature for germination is around 18-22°C
Cold stratification is recommended.
Cold treatment may not be critical for germination to occur in colder regions but should give increased germination rates.
This can be replicated by cold stratification in the refrigerator for 4-6 weeks. Alternatively over wintering in the garden in cold climates will assist germination.
General note: Seeds of many natives are dormant and require specific conditions or pre-treatment for germination.
Do not be too hasty to discard seed that does not germinate, seeds will often lay dormant until the conditions are similar to their natural requirements for germination to occur. Containers put to one side will often surprise long after they were discarded.