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Characteristics: Medium evergreen tree 15-30 m
Seeds per packets: Approx. 10
A fast-growing coniferous erect tree with fissured bark, horizontal branches and soft needle like foliage with a pleasant scent.
Ovoid (egg-shaped) cones 7–17 cm long, usually set asymmetrically on a branch, attached at an oblique angle. The bark is fissured and dark grey to brown.
The most common Christmas tree grown in Australia and New Zealand. Can grow to two metres tall in 3 years.
The Monterey Pine is also commonly used in the art of Bonsai.
Native to the Central Coast of California and Mexico (Guadalupe Island and Cedros island).
Adaptable to a wide range of soils and conditions. Drought and frost tolerant.
Although seed can be sown most of the year in Australia seed is generally best sown in spring or autumn, avoid the coldest and hottest months of the year. The optimum germination temperature for germination is around 18-22°C
Cold stratification is recommended.
Cold treatment may not be critical for germination to occur in colder regions but should give increased germination rates.
This can be replicated by cold stratification in the refrigerator for 4-6 days weeks. Alternatively over wintering in the garden in cold climates will assist germination.
General note: Seeds of many natives are dormant and require specific conditions or pre-treatment for germination.
Do not be too hasty to discard seed that does not germinate, seeds will often lay dormant until the conditions are similar to their natural requirements for germination to occur. Containers put to one side will often surprise long after they were discarded.